Other Authors Who Have Influenced Modern Runology
Modern Germanic Runology and the “Kala”
Over the next 20+ years (from the 1910s to the 1930s) many other authors, besides Guido Von List, emerge and discuss their perspective regarding the Runes. In the 1920s and 1930s, we see the public teaching of Runic body postures (imitating the shape of the Runes) which are given the name of “Runic Yoga” or “Runic Gymnastics”.
Guido Von List’s combination of Consonant & Vowels (his ‘bud/kernel-words’) are now united with the Runic postures in order to create a mantra or series of mantras that are sung or chanted while holding the corresponding posture. The idea being that by singing, chanting or vocalizing the associated mantra(s) from List’s Kala , this activated the associated esoteric qualities and principles (see Tables 1 and 2 on the previous page).
Although List was extremely influential, lets take a look at a few of the other influential authors we’ll be reading from during this course:
The first modern author to publish Runic Exercises was Albert Christian Georg Schultz (also known as Albert Schultz and Jörg Schultz). He published his books under the name Peryt Shou (or Schou) and in 1910 came out with his first book or booklet (70 pages), called Sexual Mysteries in Religion [Sexual-Mysterien in der Religion]. It seems that Arnoldo Krumm-Heller was one of many Occultists who were influenced by his writings and Krumm-Heller apparently even helped publish some of Shou’s works a few years later, immediately following WWI.
In 1920, Shou published The ‘Edda’ as Key to the Coming Age! [Die “Edda” als Schlussel des kommenden Weltalters! ] and this was the first text to give specific exercises associated with the Runes. The book also has a particular flavor of Volkisch Esotericism (see some quotes are below).
In this book, Shou tries to highlight some similarities between Christianity and Germanic Mythology (although he seems to look down upon Christianity), explaining that the Germanic approach is basically ‘better’. Quoting from the section ‘The New God-Experience’:
The germanic Spirit (Edda “Hávamál”) predicted this long before there was a historical Christianity. Christianity led humanity to death. This is what has happened. And with him, Christianity killed itself too, succumbing to “the Lord of this World”! The christian Nations had to experience what is happening to them today, Death and Decay on the Cross. But in their second Mission, the Edda sees the Nations descend from the World-Tree (Cross), called to new Life, rejuvenated!
Here the Blood, the vibrating Crystal Within, takes on a certain Role! But it should be mentioned that what is “Germanic” in the rebirth is different from what is Germanic in decay and defeat —a drunken self-aggrandizement to some kind of blood-related privileged “caste” among humanity. Even the Botocuds [an indigenous South American tribe] think of themselves as Racially superior to all others. Through the divine drop of Blood in our veins we are a Flock of God. But woe unto those who would make this divine drop of blood bestial, who would blind the visionary Crystal, the eye of God, in our veins!
The new World will only shine for the “Visionaries”, not for the “Blind”, even if they will rule equally for a while! They will die and disappear. The Visionaries, however, will remain, for they shall return. The Runic-Magic of Wuotan, which allows for his Resurrection, is a Blood-Mystery…
Every great Cultural-Nation has its Vocation/Calling in Blood and Spirit, which in all cases Exemplifies the Modification of the single great World-Secret, and through this modification it establishes its most holy Traditions. But we do not know how far each of them has fallen away from, and has ruined, the divine Crystal of the Blood to the point where it is impossible to recognize [Unkenntlichkeit ].”
In the section of his book called ‘The Tabernacle of the new Will’, he explains a concept that he calls the neue Wille or “new Will”, associating it with some of Nietzsche’s and Schopenhauer’s writings, saying:
In another section of his book (‘Essence of the Edda’s God-Idea’), he implies that we are an Antenna which can receive messages from the Cosmos and that we, unfortunately, do not ‘hear’ these messages:
But whenever we awaken on this Cross, then we come to understand the language of the one spirit! Dead, the Person hangs on this Cross like Christ and Wuotan, but the Ninth Night draws near, in which he shall awaken.
This is the Technique itself which (approaching Divine-Knowledge) conveys the Secret, the Spirit submerged in Nature, which becomes free and breathes upward toward the Universal-Spirit. Lucifer’s Deliverance!
Nature is divine! …Paradise is here and now if we know the Harp of the Power-of-Nature…”
Dr. Friedrich Teltscher
Dr. Teltscher was a doctor of engineering who taught at the University of Innsbruck, Austria. He published a monthly magazine on Runic subjects, named Hag-All=All-Hag. Although we cannot find any specific Runic practices that he gave, his ideas and concepts of the Runes certainly influenced many other Runic Occultists.
In his magazine, he wrote “…let’s state a preliminary working hypothesis of a third basic energy besides light and weight/mass (gravity), which are streams of subtle energy… A possibility to explain the Runes could perhaps be in their characteristic as symbols for compounds of streams of subtle energies, not unlike chemical compounds.”
Friedrich Bernhard Marby
In 1931, F.B. Marby (a Dutchman who immigrated to Germany) began publishing a multi-volume work: Runic-Writing, Runic-Words, Runic-Gymnastics [Runenschrift, Runenwort, Runengymnastik ] that detailed some complex theories around Runic Exercises.
In the first volume (1931), Marby gives his Runic Philosophy, which is based on: Sacred Writing, Sacred Speech, and Sacred Action [Die heilige Schrift, Die heilige Sprache, und Die heilige Tat ].
Sacred Speech consists of Sound forms, which go with the Image-Forms of the sacred Script in-Itself.
But Sacred Action consists of a Shaping (or Forming) of the Body, in which the Image of the Characters, the Sound-Currents and the Vibrations of the Speech are brought into Doing (or are Performed)!”
He says that with the sucessful combination of Sacred Writing, Sacred Speech and Sacred Action, one has Sacred Causal-Action [Die heilige Tat-Sache ] which results in Salvation and/or Healing [Das Heil ].
The German word Heil has many different meanings when translated into English: hail; heal, healing, cure, curative; well-being, welfare; good; salvation, deliverance; intact, unhurt, undamaged, in one piece.
This shows us that this term includes not only ‘salvation’, but is also connected with ‘health/healing’, ‘well-being’ and even ‘hail’ (a greeting or praise-giving phrase):
And the German word Heilige (meaning holy, sacred, saintly, devout, sanctified) has Heil in it… Which means that in Marby’s Runic philosophy, all these concepts are connected together in a way that is not so easily translated into English. He further explains:
Sacred Speech translates the Concepts into (Power or) Force [Kraft ].
Sacred Action shapes the Force and sends it out through the corresponding Body-Positions in the Rune-Exercise.”
Marby regarded the human being as a receiver and transmitter of cosmic waves & rays that animate the entire universe. His theories for how to practice “Rune-Gymnastics” were based on gathering Runic energy from “The Lodge of World-Space” (or the “The Lodge of Cosmos/Universe Space”) [Die Loge der Welt-Räume ].
He also gives his description of the “The Lodge of World Space” in this first volume, which is divided into 5 zones:
|Zone||Original German||Literal Translation||Explanation|
|Uber-Welten-Raum||‘Ultra/Beyond’ – ‘Worlds/Universe/Cosmos’ Space||Cosmic Space|
|Welten-Raum (Sternenraum)||‘Worlds/Universe/Cosmos’ Space (Starry Space)||Planetary & Starry Space|
|Erdstoff-Raum||‘Material-Earth’ Space||Earth itself|
|Erd-Innen-Raum||‘Within/Inner’ Earth Space||Inner-Earth|
Zone 5 is considered a zone of tranquil space that radiates energy.
Zone 4 is charged with radiations from zone 5 and is influenced by the physical bodies (stars, planets, etc.) that occupy it.
Zone 3 includes everything above the surface of the earth and that our physical bodies inhabit. It receives energy patterns from the zones above and below, and they are most freely exchanged in this zone.
Zone 2 is the physical planet, which is supposedly filled with ancient forms of energy in various patterns.
Zone 1 is also a zone of tranquil space that radiates energy (like zone 5).
In the second volume (1932), he gives detailed instructions on the practice of the Is or I-Rune, that he called the “I-Rune-Form-Exercise” [I-Runen-Form-Abung ]. The two final volumes of his 4 volume, 8-part, book (both of which were published in 1935) are where he gives detailed “Rune-Gymnastics” exercises for additional Runes.
For Marby, the exchange of forces within the various energy zones constitutes the phenomena of the universe. He claimed that the methodology for the internalization of these cosmic forces was something that was practiced throughout Germany, Scandinavia, and the British Isles in ancient times. He noted that, in Scandinavia, it is still a folk custom to teach the alphabet to school children by having them strike poses similar to the shapes of letters, while making the sound each letter represents. In this way they quickly internalize the shapes and sounds.
Thus, Marby saw the Runes not just as letters or phonetic values, but as representations of postures & movements that could be performed in order to improve one’s reception, absorption, and projection of certain cosmic influences. By imitating the forms of the Runes one is able to enjoy the particular influences associated with them, and this is augmented through the repetition of the associated sound or mantra. Meaning that by practicing the Runes, one makes oneself capable of receiving and sending patterns of energy like an antenna.
He considered nine basic factors (or “Nine Mothers” as he called them) to be the keys to using the runes:
2) environmental space
3) place or location
4) direction or orientation
5) stream of breath
6) vowel sound
7) consonant sound
8) will or concentration
9) motion or movement (such as when postures or shapes are made dynamically in dance, etc).
His theories for how to gather Runic energies (from “The Lodge of World Space”) seem to have influenced several others and especially practitioners of similar Runic Body Postures.
According to information provided in his own records, Marby began to use the Runes in an esoteric fashion in 1907 (right about the same time Guido von List published his famous The Mystery/Secret of the Runes).
Marby is often cited as the first to develop and use Runic Body Postures or “Rune-Gymnastics” [Runengymnastik] as a means of channeling Runic energy. However, this does not appear to be the case since Peryt Shou did publish a single Runic Body Posture about 10 years earlier and also gave similar theories about receiving cosmic messages or energy.
In his writings, Marby emphasized the health benefits gained from meditating on the Runes. He says that the first effect of practicing “Runic-gymnastics” should be the transformation and healing of the individual. If a group of people (or folk) are engaged in the practice of the Runes as a body, then that whole body will be gradually purified and strengthened.
Siegfried Adolf Kummer
Kummer was another völkisch Runologist who also worked to advance similar developments in what he referred to as “Rune-Yoga” [Runenyoga ]. He founded a runic school called “Runa” in 1927 where runic exercises, along with runic dancing and runic songs were taught. Runa concentrated on the practice of ritual magic, including the drawing of magic circles containing the names of the Germanic gods and the use of traditional magical tools such as a candelabra and censers. During these rituals, the names of runes were called out and rune shapes were traced in the air as an aid to the magical process.
In his book Holy Runic-Power [Heilige Runenmacht ] (1932), Kummer taught a basic system for practicing individual rune postures (his “Rune-Yoga”) in a certain order. According to Kummer’s curriculum, this regimen will result in profound runic initiatory experiences. The practitioner should be able to do each exercise for about ten minutes, but is urged to practice as often as possible. Then, in 1933, Kummer published another book Rune Magic [Runen-Magie], where he gave Runic Hand Postures (or Mudras) which could be used just like the body postures.
Kummer (like Shou and Marby) felt that we can “regulate the influx of invisible ethereal cosmic waves” through runic exercises and dances. But Kummer claimed that this was only possible for Germanic folk, saying “Those who dismiss this as impossible will never be able to detect thought waves, because they are in disharmony with the Cosmic All, and are impeded by racially foreign blood”.
Despite his racist views, he was still criticized (along with Marby) in a report given to Heinrich Himmler (by Himmler’s chief esoteric runologist Karl M. Wiligut) for “bringing the holy Aryan heritage into disrepute and ridicule”. Both he and Marby were imprisoned by the Nazi regime for being unauthorized occultists.
Rudolf John Gorsleben
R.J. Gorsleben created a synthesis of many Rune Occultists, Esotericists, and Theosophists of the time (including Von List). His over 700 page book The Peak-Time of Humanity [Die Hoch-Zeit der Menschheit ] was published the year of his death (1930) and was apparently something he had been working on for over 20 years.
Although he does not give many rune-gymnastics or rune-yoga practices, he does hint at them in his book, where he also says: “The Runes have their own lives, they are true magical signs, from which we can draw the Spirit to Advise and the Courage to Action”.
According to Gorsleben’s vision, the peak of the Aryan race’s power was to be remanifested through a combination of eugenics (improving the genetic quality of a human population) and the systematic reawakening of occult powers and abilities (and he saw the runes as the key to this reawakening).
The runes were seen by Gorsleben the same way others saw them: as tools for the reception and transmission of subtle forces in the universe. It is through them that the “people of the runes” and the ultimate powers in the universe may be joined together.
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